. It is a type of nociceptive pain, meaning it is caused by medical conditions that cause inflammation, pressure, or injury. Some describe visceral pain as generalized compression or pain. While some causes of this type of pain are due to internal injury or damage, other causes include muscle spasms, indigestion, infections, some types of cancer, and specific biological functions.
Menstrual pain is a type of visceral pain, for example. Visceral pain usually has a temporary evolution and clinical characteristics vary at different stages of the disease. In patients, pain in different visceral organs may have different areas of presentation, for example, from the bladder to the perineal area, from the heart to the left arm and neck, from the left ureter to the lower left quadrant and back. This diffuse nature and the difficulty in localizing visceral pain are due to a low density of visceral sensory innervation and a wide divergence of visceral information within the CNS.
Therefore, visceral pain is perceived more diffusely than harmful skin stimulation with respect to location and time (1). Abdominal pain is a discomfort anywhere in the region of the abdomen, between the ribs and the pelvis. We often think of abdominal pain as “stomachache” or “stomachache”, but pain in the abdomen can also come from other organs. Somatic pain can be deep or superficial, and deeper pain comes from skeletal structure, tendons, and muscles.
NSAIDs, paracetamol and serotonergic compounds are other treatment options for a variety of visceral pain conditions with minimal and controlled studies, but generally none of these compounds are selective for visceral conditions and are also used to treat other forms of chronic pain (10). The medial thalamic nuclei are believed to play a more important role in the affective and motivational aspects of pain processing (4) and, consequently, are projected to the various areas of the prefrontal cortex that are correlated with responses to visceral pain in imaging studies, including the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) (50-5). It is important to note that the treatment of both forms of pain is gradually becoming independent of the accompanying disease and pain itself is considered a syndrome rather than a symptom or a by-product of the disease (. This convergence of visceral and somatic messages may be one of the reasons for the visceral pain that usually accompanies somatic pain conditions, or vice versa.
Examples of visceral pain include bladder pain, endometriosis, irritable bowel syndrome, and prostate pain. And sometimes the pain you feel in your abdomen can come from somewhere else, such as your chest, pelvis, or back. Most people have experienced pain in the internal organs, ranging from the mild discomfort of indigestion to the agony of renal colic, and women suffer from many forms of visceral pain associated with reproductive life. We will focus on the stress-induced exacerbation of chronic visceral pain and provide evidence to support that centrally acting drugs targeting brain regions that respond to pain and stress may represent a valid target for the development of novel and effective therapies.
Some people experience extreme visceral pain due to non-serious conditions, while others experience less pain than you would expect from something as serious as a heart attack. Ultimately, appreciating these contrasts and similarities between the development and maintenance of somatic and visceral pain states and the means by which central excitability occurs in visceral disorders, in its own right, is also crucial to better understand therapeutic treatments for visceral pain syndromes. Your ability to describe the type of pain will help your doctor choose the best treatment plan for pain. .